Detailed Contents

Introduction

  1. Purpose
  2. Background
  3. Why Study the Science?
  4. Summary

Chapter 1       How Hard Can We Hit?

  •  1.1    Introduction
  • 1.2    Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics
  • 1.3    ‘Fight Science’: One of the Best Experiments So Far?
  • 1.4    How Hard Can We Punch?
  • 1.5    The Most Force From a Kick?
  • 1.6    The Most Force From Any Single Technique?
  • 1.7    Hand Speed – How Fast Can We Punch?
  • 1.8    Foot Speed – How Fast can we Kick?
  • 1.9    Speed Summary from another Reference
  • 1.10   ‘Do It Yourself’ Experiments, Tests & Trials
  • 1.11    A Few Personal Comments
  • 1.12    Summary

 Chapter 2       The Laws of Physics

  •  2.1    Introduction
  • 2.2    Mathematical Formulae—Have No Fear!
  • 2.3    Definitions.
  • 2.4    Physical Laws & Relationships.
  • 2.5     Summary

 Chapter 3       Newton’s Laws

  •  3.1    Introduction
  • 3.2    Newton’s First Law
  • 3.3    Newton’s Second Law 
  • 3.4    Newton’s Third Law
  • 3.5    Reactive and Impulse Forces
  • 3.6    Summary

Chapter 4       The Collision of Bodies

  •  4.1    Introduction
  • 4.2    Small & Fast or Big & Slow: Which is More Dangerous?
  • 4.3    Penetration
  • 4.4    The Time & Energy to Punch
  • 4.5    Elastic Collisions
  • 4.6    Inelastic Collisions
  • 4.7    Partially Elastic or Partially Inelastic Collisions
  • 4.8    Summary

Chapter 5       Examination of  a Striking Force

  •  5.1    Introduction
  • 5.2    The Theory – Impact Force and Impact Time
  • 5.3    The Theory – How Do We Calculate the Impulse Force?
  • 5.4    The Theory – Changing the Contact Time of a Punch
  • 5.5    Bounce or Penetration: Are the Bullets Rubber or Steel?
  • 5.6    Delivery of a Punch – the Practice
  • 5.7    Striking Hard
  • 5.8    Striking Efficiently
  • 5.9    Vulnerable/Vital Points
  • 5.10   Summary

 Chapter 6       The Mechanics of Kicks

  • 6.1    Introduction
  • 6.2    Snap Action Techniques and Pivoted Arc Movements
  • 6.3    Back-Fist Strike With Follow Through
  • 6.4    Other Strikes with a Snap Back Action
  • 6.5    The Front Snap Kick
  • 6.6    The Front Thrust Kick
  • 6.7    A Front Kick With Both a Snapping and Thrusting Action
  • 6.8    Side Kick: Snap or Thrust Differentiator
  • 6.9    Side Snap Kick Bio-mechanics
  • 6.10   Side Thrust Kick Bio-mechanics
  • 6.11   Kicks – High or Low: The Forces Involved
  • 6.12    Kicks – Training With and Without a Heavy Target
  • 6.13    Classical Solution to a Dilemma
  • 6.14    Summary

Chapter 7       The Striking of Objects

  •  7.1    Introduction
  • 7.2    Striking a Makiwara
  • 7.3    Striking a Bag
  • 7.4    Breaking a Wooden Board
  • 7.5    Board Breaking – by the Numbers
  • 7.6    Breaking by the Numbers — Supporting Evidence
  • 7.7    Board Breaking – Degrees of Difficulty
  • 7.8    Hitting an Unsupported Object
  • 7.9    Hitting a Person
  • 7.10 Hitting with Maximum Energy; Maximum Force. 131
  • 7.11   Summary

 Chapter 8       The Point of Impact

  • 8.1    Introduction
  • 8.2    The Point at Which to Make Contact
  • 8.3    Analysis of a Karate Style Reverse Punch
  • 8.4    The Focal Point 141
  • 8.5    Focus and the Principle of Maximal Contraction. 142
  • 8.6    Close Quarter Combat
  • 8.7    Short Range Technique Effectiveness
  • 8.8    Impulse or Surge Energy
  • 8.9    The Velocity Profile of a Kick
  • 8.10   Differences in Force Between a Punch and a Kick
  • 8.11   Summary

 Chapter 9       Rotational Effects

  •  9.1     Introduction
  • 9.2     Rotational Forces, Inertia and Angular Velocity
  • 9.3    The Effects of the Rotation of the Body
  • 9.4    A Mathematical Makeup of a Punch?
  • 9.5     The Rotation of the Fist When Punching
  • 9.6      Rotation of the Fist and Arm When Blocking
  • 9.7    The Effect of Distance: Round & Spinning Kicks
  • 9.8    Summary

Chapter 10     A Warrior’s Stance

  • 10.1       Introduction
  • 10.2       The Basics
  • 10.3       The Proportionality of a Typical Body
  • 10.4       Forward Stance and its Structural Lines
  • 10.5       Taking it to Extremes—Leaning Forward
  • 10.6       The Back Heel Debate
  • 10.7       And the Other Extreme?
  • 10.8       The Center of Gravity of the Human Body
  • 10.9       Stance: Form and Function
  • 10.10    Back Stance & Lines of Support
  • 10.11     Balance and Stability 
  • 10.12    Stance, Sweeps and Throws
  • 10.13    Leverage
  • 10.14    Summary

Chapter 11     Bare Fist Fighting Versus Boxing

  • 11.1       Introduction
  • 11.2       Differentiators and Differences
  • 11.3       The Effect of Wearing Heavy Gloves When Fighting
  • 11.4       The Effect of Striking When Wearing Padded Gloves
  • 11.5       The Boxer’s Knockout 
  • 11.6       Punching Penetration and Contact Time
  • 11.7       Training Considerations
  • 11.8       A Final Thought on the Subject?
  • 11.9       Summary

Chapter 12     The Application of the Science 

  • 12.1       Introduction
  • 12.2       Stance, Posture and Balance
  • 12.3       The Force from the Earth
  • 12.4       Momentum and Movement 
  • 12.5       Speed and Relaxation
  • 12.6       Mass, Synchronization and a Problem with ‘Focus’
  • 12.7       Counter Attacks with Body Tension and a Firm Stance
  • 12.8       The Importance of the Breath
  • 12.9       The Body and the Hips
  • 12.10    The Third Force Component: Penetration Distance
  • 12.11    The Fourth Force Component: Impact Contact Time
  • 12.12    Relative Time: Application to Real Circumstances
  • 12.13    Summary

Chapter 13     Conclusions

  • 13.1       At the Core
  • 13.2       In General
  • 13.3       In Theory
  • 13.4       Peak Forces
  • 13.5       And yet . . . 
  • 13.6       And in the future?
  • 13.7       And in the end?

 

 

 

 

 

 

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